How to Cold Brew
How to Cold Brew
What is cold brew?
It is ground coffee that is actually left to seep in cold, or at least room temperature, water. No coffee machine, no boiling water, just water and coffee left to sit. It is different than iced coffee, which is simply regularly brewed coffee that is poured over ice.
Why cold brew?
The reasons that people give for enjoying cold brew are mostly about taste. Different flavors are extracted from the beans depending on the proportions used, the length of time brewed and the temperature of the water during brewing. Basically, the ground coffee beans start in room temperature water and then seep for hours in the refrigerator. Once they have seeped and then been strained of the coffee grounds, the coffee is put on ice to chill quickly and completely. Since the resulting coffee is intense, it is generally diluted with an equal amount of either water or milk at serving time.
What are the benefits of cold brew?
Cold brew coffee tastes sweeter than hot brew coffee, so for those who prefer coffee on ice this is a huge advantage. But there’s more. The biggest advantage of cold brew is that it contains less acid. Less acid means that cold brew is easier on both the teeth and the stomach than regular coffee. This is because hot water extracts higher levels of chlorogenic acid from the beans than room temperature or cold water can extract.
Yet, hot water is able to extract more antioxidants from coffee beans, giving hot coffee the advantage there. Caffeine levels between the two choices are the same.
How to make cold brew?
To make cold brew you let coffee sit and seep in water overnight in the refrigerator. This process is both forgiving and customizable and people make it in many slightly different ways. Most agree that the formula must sit for at least 10 hours but can possibly sit for up to 36 hours. The general consensus seems to be that 12 to 24 hours is the sweet spot for cold brewing time, as longer times can begin to create a bitter taste in the brewed coffee and shorter times will make a very weak brew. Once the coffee grounds have been removed from the mix, the coffee is kept chilled until ready to use.
Generally, the ratio to begin brewing cold brew coffee is one ounce of coarsely ground coffee beans per one cup of cold water. There are many different cold brew systems available for cold brewing, the most common being some sort of screened area (filter) for the coffee to sit within a pitcher of water.
There are also pre-packaged bags of coffee that can be placed within any container, even food safe plastic bags, to brew.
Coffee can also be placed directly into water and then filtered later by pouring through a finely meshed sieve after seeping, but that can get messy.
We tried every way we could think of to make cold brew before concluding that the easiest way simply involves screwing two mason jars together, with a special BRUW filter in the middle.
After “bruwing”, it’s as easy as twist and flip to begin watching the creation of delicious coffee.
This no mess and no fuss system is made by a company simply called BRUW (www.bruw.net) and was created by a young entrepreneur that actually got a deal on Shark Tank.
Although the ways to make cold brew are loose and plentiful, there are some universal pointers for making the best brew possible:
This is a larger grind than is used in auto-drip machines. A finer grind will result in bitter coffee after sitting overnight.
Doing so can cause a bitter tasting coffee.
Pour a glass of half coffee and half water or milk over ice. Served cold brew is a 1:1 ratio of coffee and milk or water. It can then be sweetened or flavored to taste.
How long does cold brew keep in the fridge?
Although the brightest flavors will be realized the morning after brewing, cold brew can be stored covered in the fridge. The flavors of cold brew may begin to degrade after about a week or so, but cold brew will keep in the fridge for up to two weeks from the completion of brewing.